Moral Behind the story : In the above scenario(do read the part (i)), Duroyodhan symbolizes Ego. Out of emotional love for her blind husband ‘Dritarashtra’, Gandhari ties a bandage on her eyes. Therefore, gandhari signifies blind intellect following the blind mind.
When the blind intellect and blind mind comes together, out comes the various sensory desires. We have 5 organs of perception (ears, tongue, skin,yes, nose) called as ‘Gnanendriyas’ and five organs of action(hands, mouth, feet, anus and genital organ) called as Karmendriyas.
[Quick Information : Indian sages had the technology to remove the egg, restructure the fetus and split it to create multiple infants from the single fetus that was removed from the mother womb. This story does not exhibit stem cell technology but depicts the stem cell theory of splitting the embryo to create multiple infants. Like many of the stories in puranas are symbolic in nature, this story may also be symbolic.
Story - Birth of deities and demons:
During the start of this ‘Manavatara’, Daksha was the king of entire earth. His two daughters ‘Diti’ and ‘Aditi’ were married to Sage Kashyapa. Aditi gave birth to many sons that became Devas(Demigods) and Diti gave birth to many sons that became asura(Demons)(Birth of demigods and demons at the same time symbolizes duality)
Story - Battles of step brothers and diti request for a powerful son:
Desiring supremacy over the three worlds, these two sects of step-brothers always battled each other. In all wars, Devas would slain innumerable ‘Asuras’ and would emerge victorious. Mother Diti was very upset by her son’s death. Angrily, she went to Kashyapa and complained 'O Lord, why don’t you give preference to me like you give to aditi. All his sons are born strong while my sons have to live in fear of their lives. Grant me a son that would be greater of all demigods, the slayer of indra(King of demigods) and king of devas’
Story - Diti addressing her problems to sage Kashyapa: Indra breaks the penance of step mother diti
Kashyapa knew the consequences of such a boon but he was forced to grant this boon to Diti. He granted a boon of begetting a son that would slay indra only if she perform severe austerities and penance during the period of pregnancy. After few months, she became pregnant. When aditi got the information of diti carrying a child capable of slaying indra, she provoked indra to devise a plan to escape this calamity. Disguised as a mendicant, indra approached Diti and kept looking for an opportunity to break her penance. One day, Diti got very tired and got asleep without washing her feet, thus breaking the vow of strict penance and austerity.
Indra breaks the embryo of aditi in forty nine pieces. Now that her penance was broken, Indra took the form of an insect and penetrated the womb of Diti. Using his weapon ‘Vajra’, He sliced her embryo into seven pieces. In pain and agony, child growing inside became to cry. Indra said “Ma Ruta”, meaning ‘don’t cry’ but the child kept on crying. Indra angrily sliced each of these seven parts in seven more parts. Thus, Forty-nine babies were born to diti who were named as maruts named after the word “Ma Ruta” used by indra to address them in diti womb. Since Diti failed in her penance, Maruts did not slay indra, instead became the demigods of indra kingdom.
Slokha - Maruts on indra chariot: Below is the verse that concludes the above story
*Marutas ca diten putras Catvarimsan navadhikah Ta asann aprajah sarve Nita indrena satmatam
/“The forty-nine Marut demigods were also born from the womb of Diti. None of them had sons. Although they were born of Diti, King Indra gave them a position as demigods” /